Employee Benefits Law Report

Tag Archives: retirement plan

IRS previews qualified plan determination letter changes in new guidance

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued guidance on Jan. 4, 2016, that clarifies certain implications of its previously announced changes to the employee plans determination letter program. These clarifications, announced in Notice 2016-03 (Notice) are necessary to cover open issues raised from prior guidance that in effect shuts down the determination letter program for most amendments to individually designed plans.…

Are Annual 403(b) Universal Availability Notices Required?

Employers with 403(b) arrangements have asked whether they are required to provide annual “university availability” notices. The statute and regulations do not explicitly require this. Code Section 403(b) contains a universal availability requirement, whereby participation is made available to all nonexcludable employees. This includes providing all eligible employees with an effective opportunity to participate. Effective opportunity is satisfied “only if, at least once during each plan year, the plan provides an employee with an effective opportunity to make (or change) a cash or deferred election.” There are various ways to comply with the universal availability requirement, and whether this includes …

New Procedures for Filing Determination Letter Applications—Less Work Now, but More Problems Later?

Several important changes will take effect in the determination letter program beginning in 2012. The IRS has stated that these changes are intended to (1) reduce the burden on employers for filing determination letter applications (and in some cases, eliminate the need to file an application) and (2) reduce the time it takes for the IRS to process determination letter applications. The IRS first announced these changes in Announcement 2011-82 and later published them in Revenue Procedure 2012-6. We encourage employers maintaining qualified retirement plans to consider how these determination letter application program changes will impact them, and whether …

IRS Announces Cost of Living Adjustments for Retirement Plans

The Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) recently announced cost of living adjustments affecting retirement plans. These new limitations are effective for tax year 2012. Many, but not all, applicable dollar limitations will increase. For this purpose, the IRS uses an adjustment process that is similar to the process used to adjust Social Security benefits (which also will increase effective in 2012).

Some of the more important increases relevant to retirement plans are as follows:

  • the elective deferral limit applicable to 401(k), 403(b) and certain 457 plans will be increased from $16,500 to $17,000;
  • the dollar limitation on the maximum annual benefit

Curtiss-Wright Corp. v. Schoonejongen Comes Back to Haunt Us — Follow Your Plan Amendment Procedures

We often are asked why plan amendment procedures vary from plan to plan, and why it is important to follow those procedures—however written. Sometimes there are unique reasons for the specified procedures, but very possibly the answer goes back to the 1990’s and a case called Curtiss-Wright Corp. v. Schoonejongen, which took us on an amendment procedure roller coaster ride. First, the district court in Curtiss-Wright invalidated a plan amendment to cease post retirement health care coverage on the basis that the plan failed to specify a valid “procedure for amending [the] plan, and for identifying the persons who …