The IRS’s Tax Exempt and Government Entities Division recently issued a memorandum (the memo) to its auditors that directed them not to challenge a 403(b) plan as failing to satisfy the required minimum distribution (RMD) standards under circumstances set out in the memo. This guidance is helpful to 403(b) plan sponsors and consistent with missing participant procedures that the IRS set forth for qualified plan sponsors last year. For those 403(b) plans that are governed by ERISA, however, we note that the Department of Labor (DOL) requires plan sponsors to follow additional standards. We describe these issues below.
On Jan. 5, 2018, the Department of Labor (DOL) issued a proposed rule that would make it easier for small businesses to join together to purchase health insurance.
This is not a completely new concept. Unrelated small employers can join together to purchase health insurance today. Under current guidance, however, these types of plans are generally not considered a single ERISA plan. The result is that each participating employer in one of these plans is typically treated as maintaining its own ERISA plan. That means that each employer is separately responsible for complying with the myriad requirements applicable to group health plans, such as HIPAA, COBRA and the Affordable Care Act. Moreover, participating employers with fifty or fewer employees are typically subject to additional insurance-based requirements under the Affordable Care Act, including the requirement to offer certain “essential health benefits” and the requirement to comply with restrictive community rating rules when determining premiums. The combination of additional administrative complexity and increased costs currently makes fully-insured association health plans a non-starter for most small employers.
While opinions on the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act vary, one thing everyone can agree on is that it is a game changer in many areas of law and business. We explain this change and outline what it could mean for public companies in our recent post over at our firm’s Banking & Finance Law Report blog.
In recent years, the Department of Labor (DOL) has had a laser-like focus on valuation issues when privately held companies establish employee stock ownership plans (ESOP). In particular, the DOL is concerned with valuations that rely upon unrealistic growth projections, which lead to the ESOP paying too much (in the DOL’s view) for the shares of employer stock. The DOL has raised this issue in litigation, and in 2014, it entered into a settlement agreement with GreatBanc Trust Company (GreatBanc). While the GreatBanc settlement is legally binding only on GreatBanc, the DOL promoted it as a set of best practices for trustees to demonstrate that they satisfied their fiduciary duties in an ESOP transaction. The trustee community largely followed suit, and the due diligence process for ESOP transactions typically follows procedures outlined in the GreatBanc settlement.
The DOL has since updated these procedures. Towards the end of 2017, the DOL entered into new settlement agreements with trustees—one set of settlement agreements with the institutional trustee First Bankers Trust Services Inc. (First Bankers) and one with an individual trustee named Joyner (1).
A week after telling everyone to “relax” about the proposed executive compensation changes in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, we have to admit that we have been watching anxiously as the proposed bills move through the legislative process. The executive compensation items that we discussed last week have experienced quite a journey in the past week, with the House Ways and Means Committee making some welcome changes and the Senate Finance Committee introducing its own new bill. We briefly provide the following updates. Continue Reading
Three games into the 2014 National Football League season, the Green Bay Packers had a 1-2 record. Fans were panicking. Many were questioning whether the Packers and its quarterback, Aaron Rodgers, were doomed to have a bad season. Rodgers responded with a simple message for fans: “R-E-L-A-X”. The Packers redoubled their efforts and made the playoffs that year, showing that the initial panic was rather silly. A similar scenario could be playing out with respect to the nonqualified deferred compensation and other executive compensation provisions of the recently proposed Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the Proposed Act). Some of the initial commentary is expressing some concern that the proposed Act could spell the end of traditional deferred compensation arrangements. This reaction seems a bit premature. One reason is that the Proposed Act still has a number of hurdles to clear before becoming law, and the final law could have different terms from the current Proposed Act. Another reason is that even if the Proposed Act’s deferred compensation terms remain unchanged, employers will still have opportunities to create deferred compensation arrangements for key executives (although they may have to be more creative). So, let’s take a deep breath and explore the three main executive compensation changes in the Proposed Act. Continue Reading
Natural forces wreaked havoc on a number of states and territories this fall when Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria made landfall. The federal government sprang into action by making disaster declarations for affected areas to provide aid in the aftermath of these tragic events. More recently, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) declared parts of northern California to be major disaster areas, due to highly destructive wildfires that ravaged parts of the state. In the wake of these disasters, employers are asking how they can help their employees and their communities.
Fortunately, there are options available to companies making an effort to provide assistance to their employees. First, companies may provide direct payments to employees and others affected by federally declared disaster areas on a tax-free basis. Amounts employers give to cover reasonable and necessary personal or living expenses of individuals impacted by one of the federally declared disasters are considered “qualified disaster relief payments.” The qualified disaster relief payments are excludable from the employee’s gross income. The tax-free treatment applies whether an employer pays for expenses directly or reimburses the individual. Continue Reading
While the fiduciary rule has received most of the attention in the world of ERISA as of late, a lesser known regulation that was finalized late last year also may require action by plan sponsors. This regulation , issued by the Department of Labor (DOL) in December 2016, requires applicable plans to satisfy additional procedural and notice requirements for disability claims. As a result, disability claims procedures will become more aligned with the claims and appeals procedures that govern group health plans under the Affordable Care Act. Or so we thought.
On July 20, 2017, the Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA) and the DOL announced that they will be reviewing the disability benefit claim and appeal regulations “for questions of law and policy.”
Much has been written to speculate what may become of the Department of Labor’s (DOL) fiduciary rule. Recently, the DOL issued a FAQ confirming that the new fiduciary rule will become effective June 9, 2017. Transition exemptions that were previously announced also will go into effect on that date. The DOL also issued non-enforcement guidance that should help mitigate the risk of litigation against fiduciaries who make a good faith attempt to comply with the new rule and applicable prohibited transaction exemptions during the transition period ending on Jan. 1, 2018.
The phased implementation can seem confusing. The bottom line is that many advisers who may not have been fiduciaries in the past will become fiduciaries starting on June 9, 2017. That includes advisers who give recommendations to ERISA plan participants to rollover their accounts to IRAs. Based on common compensation practices, they may need to adhere to requirements of a prohibited transaction exemption starting on that date as well. Until further notice is given, additional requirements (anti-conflicts policies, disclosures, and representations and warranties) for an exemption will apply beginning on Jan. 1, 2018.
One question that has been on the minds of plan sponsors is how aggressive the Department of Labor (DOL) under President Trump will be compared to that of President Obama. In recent years, the DOL made a priority of investigating ERISA fiduciary issues, with a particular focus on employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs). After the DOL delayed the effective date of the ERISA fiduciary rule, some commentators speculated as to whether the DOL would scale back its priority on reviewing and auditing ESOPs. A recently filed case (Acosta v. Reliance Trust Co., Inc. , E.D.N.C., No. 5:17-cv-00214, complaint filed 5/4/17), however, suggests that the DOL may continue to make a priority out of investigating potential abuses in ESOP transactions. As such, employers who are considering the adoption of the ESOP should be mindful of putting together an experienced team to guide them through the fiduciary issues. In particular, it is critical for the trustee of an ESOP to hire an independent appraiser that has not performed a preliminary ESOP feasibility study for the company, and the trustee and other fiduciaries of the ESOP should be engaged with the due diligence process.
As background, ERISA fiduciaries have a duty to act solely in the best interest of plan participants and beneficiaries. Continue Reading